Statement by Gert Auväärt, Legal Advisor of the Permanent Mission of Estonia to the United Nations at the 68th Session of the General Assembly under the agenda item 85: “The rule of law at the national and international level”
aligns itself with the statement delivered earlier by the EU.
addition I would like to make the following remarks:
welcomes the report of the Secretary-General of 29 July 2013 on Strengthening
and coordinating UN rule of law activities.
The report illustrates the progress towards unity and agreement on
welcome that the report also reflects the important role of the International
Criminal Court and emphasizes the necessity to cooperate with the Court. Estonia calls upon all countries that have
not yet done so to join the Rome Statute system and we likewise urge States Parties
to join in the ratification of the Kampala amendments. Just a year ago, Estonia
pledged to pursue ratification of the amendments by the end of 2013. I am glad
to note that Estonia has lived up to this promise and 6 months ago the letter
of ratification was submitted. Universality of international laws and adherence
by all to the same principles are essential to improving the world in which we
live. In this regard, countries must set an example of non-aggression,
self-restraint, and respect for the rule of law.
commend the continuing cooperation of the United Nations with the ICC, particularly
in the provision of logistical support for field operations and submission of documents
to the Prosecutor and defence counsel. Nevertheless, we should continue to
improve this relationship to enhance the legitimacy and success of the Court.
In this regard, States Parties and those that call upon referrals should ensure
that adequate support and follow up is consistently provided to the ICC.
States must also acknowledge that it is first and foremost their responsibility
to develop national capacities to investigate and prosecute serious
international crimes. States should cooperate in designing development
programmes that focus on justice for these crimes. Justice is necessary for
sustainable development and security in any post-conflict society. Impunity
provides fertile ground for the recurrence of conflicts and breeds instability. Consistent prosecution, either domestically
or internationally, is the most effective tool to combat international crimes.
this regard, Estonia welcomes the report “A New Global Partnership: Eradicate
Poverty and Transform Economies through Sustainable Development ” issued in May
by the High Level Panel on the Post-2015. The report recognized that responsive
institutions promoting the rule of law and access to justice are necessary for
transformative shifts enabling development and to “build peace and effective,
open and accountable institutions for all.” Estonia is of the opinion that the
post-2015 development framework should address justice, equality and equity,
good governance, democracy and we believe that the rule of law must be emphasized
in the future sustainable development agenda.
rule of law is a core principle of governance that ensures justice and fairness
in which all persons including the State itself are accountable to laws that
are equally enforced and independently adjudicated. Adherence to the rule of law at home makes it
more probable that we also follow the principle in our interactions abroad. At
the international level, the rule of law accords predictability and legitimacy
to the actions of States forming a fundamental framework for the conduct of relations
you for your attention!