Statement by H. E. Mr. Urmas Paet, Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Estonia ath the Ministerial Panel: A Call to ratify the Kampala amendments on the crime of aggression
Ladies and Gentlemen,
Firstly, I would like to thank Liechtenstein,
our close ally in struggle for nations’ human right for peace and justice, for
organizing this panel. I also would like to thank the Deputy Secretary General
Mr. Jan Eliasson for his comprehensive introduction to the topic, as well as
the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Botswana, Mr Skelemani.
Today 6 months ago Estonia submitted its letter
of ratification of amendments to the Rome Statute. The amendments primarily
address the crime of aggression. We urge other states parties to Rome Statute
to finalize their ratification of the Kampala amendments.
said: “It is forbidden to kill; therefore
all murderers are punished, unless they kill in large numbers and to the sound
of trumpets.” This was said with bitter irony in 18th century.
Regrettably it applied in the 20th century on horrific scale and
even today, mankind unfortunately tends to take mass murders and other
atrocities as statistics, not as punishable crimes.
criminalization of aggression is at the beginning of its path to become ius cogens. Universality of
international laws and global understanding of the need to implement the same
principles of international law similarly are vital to make this world better
place to live. For this purpose countries must set an example of
non-aggression, self-restraint, responsibility to protect and rule of law.
We believe there
should be no impunity for starting a war, no impunity for war crimes. We
strongly support states’ efforts to bring culprits to justice. There can be no
punishment without impartial investigation, due process and verdict.
We also believe
that there should be no place for indifference and disregard. Every conflict,
every war brings along humanitarian crisis. Putting weapons down and bringing
culprits to justice is just the first step for any part of conflict.
Reconciliation and reconstruction take considerably more efforts with charred
countries and scarred nations.
Thank you for your attention.