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Statement by H.E. Mr. Sven Jürgenson, Permanent Representative of Estonia to the UN at Arria formula meeting „Cybersecurity and International Peace and Security”, 28 November 2016

28.11.2016

First of all, I would like to thank Spain and Senegal for organizing this meeting and the panelists for their presentations. I hope that there will be more discussions on this important subject in the Security Council in the future. It is clear that cyber security is no longer a standalone issue and it should be addressed in a larger security concept.

In today´s world, socio-economic and politico-military aspects of cyber security are intertwined. Every country should adopt policies and strategies that help to achieve open, resilient, secure and peaceful cyberspace.  Our task is also to prevent the ICTs from becoming a malicious instrument, and for this purpose, governments should promote raising awareness, maintenance of individuals’ online safety and implementation of effective cyber security measures.  As was pointed out by the panel, I would further stress the importance of cooperation with the private sector that drives innovation and mostly owns and operates the critical infrastructure sectors.

No country can face the full spectrum of cyber threats alone and international cooperation is crucial for preventing the worst-case scenarios. We should therefore encourage countries further to share knowledge and contribute to capacity building across borders, supporting wider acknowledgement of cyber security threats and their mitigation. Regional collaboration should be strengthened to mainstream cross-border dependencies and develop cooperation mechanisms in large-scale cyber incidents.

Being the first country which experienced organized cyber attacks, Estonia has been actively engaged in advancing cyber security for more than a decade on domestic and global levels. NATO’s Cooperative Cyber Defense Centre of Excellence is located in Tallinn. Estonia is for the fourth time a member of the Group of Governmental Experts on the Developments in the Field of ICTs and in our opinion it has been a very productive format of work. The 2015 GGE report was a great achievement, stating that international law applies also in cyberspace. We think that the GGE could be a useful forum not only for studying the cyber threats and possible remedies, but also for helping countries to apply the existing international law and norms, rules and principles. 

I thank you for the attention.

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