Statement by Ms Minna-Liina Lind, Deputy Permanent Representative of the Republic of Estonia at the Security Council Open Debate on “Threats to International Peace and Security Caused by Terrorist Acts” on April 14, 2016
Thank you for organizing this debate. Since the last time the Estonian Foreign Minister spoke here in September 2015, terrorist aggression has tragically continued around the world, including in our region, Europe, and in its neighborhood, where hundreds of people have been killed and injured in heinous terrorist attacks. Estonia remains vigilant and committed to our common fight against terrorism.
Terrorism is a global phenomenon and the international community must act together to prevent and counter terrorism in a comprehensive and sustainable way. The UN is the most appropriate framework to shape international counter terrorism measures. In this regard, let me point out the Security Council resolutions 2170, 2178 and most recently 2253, as well as the Plan of Action on Preventing Violent Extremism presented by the Secretary-General.
As a European Union Member State, Estonia fully aligns itself with the statement delivered here today by the Head of the EU Delegation. To enhance the fight against terrorism, we support closer cooperation and exchange of information both inside the EU and with other countries and organizations. We participate in the EU work in progress, including the fight against terrorist financing and stemming the flow of foreign terrorist fighters. Estonia has signed and will ratify the Additional Protocol to the Council of Europe Convention on the Prevention of Terrorism, and our first cases on terrorist financing have been brought to justice.
In the long term, Mr President, we must focus on prevention. Radicalization is a social phenomenon before becoming a law enforcement issue. Means of education, integration, employment and eventually, deradicalization and rehabilitation have to be provided to prevent violent extremism. On- and offline, we must stop terrorist propaganda and develop counter narratives, in public private partnership. In broad terms, democracy, rule of law and respect for human rights remain essential in preventing and countering terrorism. Estonia is taking this into account in its activities on national level as well as in international cooperation and development aid.
Ultimately, the solution lies in addressing the conflicts and assisting the fragile states where the violent extremism breeds. To counter one of the most menacing terrorist organizations of our time, Daesh, Estonia supports the Global Coalition to Counter ISIL to which we are contributing in our capacity, through military and humanitarian aid. At the same time, we must not forget that terrorism and violent extremism are not limited to radical Islam and specific regions. No manifestation of terrorism can be tolerated, wherever it emerges, regardless of its religious, political, historical or ethnic background and motivation.
Thank you, Mr President.