Estonia Supports Advancing Nuclear Safety Monitoring
At the Review Conference on the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty in New York, Foreign Minister Urmas Paet said that the restriction of nuclear arms must take place alongside the formulation of security measures, so that transparency and security could be ensured in the civilian use of nuclear power as well.
Speaking at UN Headquarters, Paet noted that the Review Conference on Nuclear Non-Proliferation was taking place against a backdrop of positive developments in arms control in the world, but despite that we cannot allow ourselves to forget that quite a few nations have yet to join the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT). “The renewed strategic arms reduction agreement between the United States and Russia is an important milestone for arms control that takes us a step closer to a safer world,” stated Paet. “However, we must be realists. This is why Estonia fully supports future nuclear security and the advancement of the monitoring systems that support it. Effective monitoring in nuclear testing and civilian use of nuclear energy is necessary,” said the Estonian foreign minister.
Paet emphasised that looking into the future, there is great potential for the civilian use of nuclear energy. “The rapid growth of the use of nuclear fuel for civilian purposes deserves support for its environmental protection aspects,” said Paet. “Energy security and battling climate change continue to be important goals. Taking into account the explosively growing interest towards peaceful uses of nuclear energy, Estonia supports the establishment of a Low Enriched Uranium bank under the control of the IAEA,” he asserted.
At the Review Conference on the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty that began this week, the primary topics that will be addressed are practical measures for nuclear disarmament; nuclear non-proliferation, including the promoting and strengthening of safeguards; measures to advance the peaceful use of nuclear energy; regional issues, such as the creation of a nuclear arms-free zone; measures to address withdrawal from the Treaty; the universality of the Treaty; and promoting disarmament education in the world.
Within the framework of the NPT Review Conference, Foreign Minister Paet will meet with executive secretary of the Preparatory Commission for the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO) Tibor Toth and Australian Foreign Minister Stephen Smith.
On Friday Paet will meet in Washington with World Bank director Robert Zoellick.