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Eesti ja Läti ühissõnavõtt Julgeolekunõukogu avatud arutelul arengu, rahu ja julgeoleku teemal

19.01.2015

Madam President, Excellences, Ladies and Gentlemen,

I have the honour to deliver this statement on behalf of Estonia and Latvia.

I thank the Secretary-General Mr. Ban Ki-moon, Chair of the Peacebuilding Commission Ambassador Antonio de Aguiar Patriota and Ms Leymah Gbowee, President of the Globwee Peace Foundation for their statements. Let me also welcome the adoption of the presidential statement earlier today.

Estonia and Latvia align themselves with the statement (to be) delivered by the European Union.

We welcome the topic of today’s debate which very accurately links together the three pillars of the United Nations system: peace and security, development and human rights. There can be no development without peace and security and clearly there can be no lasting peace and security without respecting human rights. Furthermore, development is not true development without realization of human rights.

There are fewer conflicts and less violence – and greater peace – in democratic countries and regions where the rule of law is a firm basis of society and all people fully enjoy human rights. Also average poverty rates are significantly lower in those countries. In fact, violent conflict was the largest obstacle to achieving MDGs.

Madam President,

I would also like to stress the importance of the conflict prevention. As today’s world illustrates, it is very hard to end ongoing crises that are often even turned into armed conflicts. However, it is easier and less costly – in every sense – to prevent violent conflicts from escalating. Good governance, respect for human rights, and economic development are the best prevention of violent conflicts.

As outlined in the concept of the chair – inclusion, be it national, territorial, social, gender, tribal or cultural and thereby also inclusive development are utmost relevant factors for preserving peace and security and preventing conflicts. Inclusion means that no one should be discriminated on any basis. As stated in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, „it is essential, if man is not compelled to have recourse as a last resort, to rebellion against tyranny and oppression, that human rights have to be protected by the rule of law“.

Madam President,

This leads me to the second point of the need to actively shape inclusive societies as guarantees for peace and security, namely to the rule of law, if necessary, by designing particular policies and programmes that advance the inclusiveness of all. Strong adherence to the rule of law encourages sustainable development, as progress is best guaranteed by good governance, transparency of decision-making processes and minimization of corruption. Effective and accountable institutions are powerful enablers of inclusive and sustainable development.

Rule of law accords predictability and legitimacy to the actions of States forming a fundamental framework for the conduct of relations between each other which helps to prevent conflicts among States. The rule of law is a tool to improve the fundamental human right of access to justice, which is inherently linked to the promotion of a culture of accountability over impunity.

In this context peacebuilding efforts are extremely important as peacebuilding is about reducing the risk of relapsing violence. This risk needs to be reduced by addressing the root causes of violence and building resilient institutions and peaceful societies. A broad approach to development – focusing on justice, human rights, inequalities, jobs and inclusive politics will reduce violence and contribute to peacebuilding. Therefore Security Council should in the conflict or crisis address peacebuilding as early as possible.

As to the concept of inclusive societies, I would like to stress, among others, the importance of involving both halves of the humankind, namely including also women and girls in the decision making processes. It is a fact that peace is more sustainable if women are included at all stages and all times as equal members of society, be it the time of peace or conflict or a period of transition.

This year we will mark the fifteenth anniversary of the adoption of the UN Security Council resolution 1325 and 20th anniversary of Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action. Several reviews are underway – for example the global study of the resolution 1325, reviews of the peacekeeping operations and peacebuilding architecture of the UN. We have to ensure that all these reviews are supporting and complementing each other’s aims and that the recommendations emerging from them will be in compliance, leading us to tangible results as to the gender equality, women’s empowerment and human rights in general.

Madam President,

Sustainable peace and development could only be ensured if economic development and social benefits are closely interlinked with good governance, strong and accountable institutions and the realization of all human rights. Freedom of expression and association, access to independent media, including social media and Internet, are integral parts of good governance and the rule of law. There could be no real inclusiveness in societies if restrictions are put on the realization of those freedoms.

 

Achieving inclusive and sustainable development is essential in order to achieve long-term stability and sustainable peace. We must take care of the future of the planet and work towards a world where everyone can live a dignified life, free from poverty, violence and exclusion. This cannot be achieved without peace and stability.

 

Development, human rights and peace and security are inextricably intertwined and need to be addressed comprehensively. Therefore peaceful societies, good governance and rule of law should have a central place in the post 2015 development agenda.

 

Thank you very much, Madam President.

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